Trees are very important to us. They are necessary to our existence because without trees our world would not only be as beautiful as it is now but our eco-system would be destroyed without them. The existing forest and the trees we take the time to plant and nourish work in tandem to make our world better. They provide oxygen, food, shelter and so much more to the life around them.
Planting slow growing, evergreen trees are ideal for those people who want to add shade, privacy, and filter out the noise and air pollution. Evergreens have leaves all throughout any season. They are sturdy and they can thrive even through extreme conditions.
Slow growing species of trees also typically live longer than fast growing species and are stronger specimens.
There are also a lot of slow growing tree species you can choose from to make your landscape or garden more beautiful and will increase your property’s value.
Slow Growing Evergreens
One of the best examples I could see for a slow growing evergreen tree would be none other than Pennsylvania’s state tree, the Eastern Hemlock. They grow best in the shade and may take a couple hundred years to fully grow and may live for a few hundred years more after they mature. The hemlock is an evergreen tree which has flat needles of a medium length and cones that mature in the early fall. Having cones also makes the hemlock a conifer.
The Pitch Pine tree is another medium evergreen tree that is very common in Pennsylvania. The only region in Pennsylvania that it does not grow is the northwestern counties around Erie. They are very resilient growers and are commonly found in very poor quality, sandy soils. They can also be found in areas where forest fires have killed other tree species. Pitch pine seeds are food for a number of animals and birds that love to eat their seeds. Being a pine, it’s lumber is very valuable in many industries.
Other Slow Growing Trees
The Flowering Dogwood is a very beautiful trees. Their foliage turn bright red in autumn and their bark has a reddish-brown to reddish color which has a block-like appearance. The Flowering Dogwood is a small tree and usually is not grown for shade. They are also especially valued for ornamental planting because they have a nice shape and do not grow quickly. They require very little maintenance.
The Norway Maple is a species that was imported from Northern Europe and is now extensively planted in parks and along city streets. Typically, they grow 50’ in height. Norway Maple has larger leaves than other maples.
The Black Ash is also referred to as the Swamp ash is a medium sized, slow growing tree which can reach a height of 40’-50’. It grows well in swamps and moist woodland throughout Pennsylvania. Their commercial uses include the slaps from the tree being turned into baskets and for sporting goods equipment like baseball bats. Furniture and agricultural tools are also made from this tree. Many animals like ducks, other birds, and mammals eat the seeds. Whitetail deer often snack on the twigs and tender foliage of this tree.